Cotton Yields Drop Back



WASHINGTON - Sep 12/19 - SNS -- Production of all classes of cotton is forecast at 21.9 million 480-pound bales in the United States, down 3% from the previous forecast but up 19% from 2018, according to the latest USDA crop production estimates.

Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 839 pounds per harvested acre, down 16 pounds from the previous forecast and down 25 pounds from 2018. Upland cotton production is forecast at 21.1 million 480-pound bales, down 3% from the previous forecast but up 20% from 2018.

Pima cotton production is forecast at 717,000 bales, down 9% from the previous forecast and down 10% from 2018. All cotton area harvested is forecast at 12.5 million acres, down 1% from the previous forecast but up 23% from 2018. All cotton planted area totaled 13.8 million acres, down 1% from the previous forecast and down 2% from 2018.

Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data. Area planted to Upland cotton is estimated at 13.5 million acres, down 1% from the previous estimate and down 2% from 2018. Kansas planted area will be the highest on record. Upland harvested area for the Nation is expected to total 12.3 million acres, down 1% from the previous forecast but up 23% from last year.

Pima cotton planted area is estimated at 230,500 acres down 16% from the previous estimate and down 8% from last year. Expected Pima harvested area, at 228,400 acres, is down 12% from the previous forecast and down 8% from last year.

Ginnings totaled 359,250 running bales prior to September 1, compared with 489,100 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested by Type - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2018       :      2019       :      2018       :     2019 1/
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres
                  :
Upland            :
Alabama ..........:       510.0             540.0             497.0             535.0
Arizona ..........:       160.0             160.0             159.0             159.0
Arkansas .........:       485.0             620.0             480.0             610.0
California .......:        48.0              55.0              47.0              54.0
Florida ..........:       117.0             113.0              93.0             111.0
Georgia ..........:     1,430.0           1,400.0           1,305.0           1,390.0
Kansas ...........:       165.0             175.0             152.0             160.0
Louisiana ........:       195.0             280.0             189.0             270.0
Mississippi ......:       620.0             720.0             615.0             710.0
Missouri .........:       325.0             380.0             322.0             368.0
                  :
New Mexico .......:        77.0              63.0              56.0              45.0
North Carolina ...:       430.0             510.0             415.0             495.0
Oklahoma .........:       780.0             650.0             550.0             575.0
South Carolina ...:       300.0             300.0             275.0             295.0
Tennessee ........:       360.0             410.0             355.0             400.0
Texas ............:     7,750.0           7,050.0           4,350.0           6,000.0
Virginia .........:        98.0             105.0              97.0             104.0
                  :
United States ....:    13,850.0          13,531.0           9,957.0          12,281.0
                  :
American Pima     :
Arizona ..........:        14.5               8.0              14.5               8.0
California .......:       211.0             205.0             210.0             204.0
New Mexico .......:         6.8               5.5               6.8               5.4
Texas ............:        18.0              12.0              17.5              11.0
                  :
United States ....:       250.3             230.5             248.8             228.4
                  :
All               :
Alabama ..........:       510.0             540.0             497.0             535.0
Arizona ..........:       174.5             168.0             173.5             167.0
Arkansas .........:       485.0             620.0             480.0             610.0
California .......:       259.0             260.0             257.0             258.0
Florida ..........:       117.0             113.0              93.0             111.0
Georgia ..........:     1,430.0           1,400.0           1,305.0           1,390.0
Kansas ...........:       165.0             175.0             152.0             160.0
Louisiana ........:       195.0             280.0             189.0             270.0
Mississippi ......:       620.0             720.0             615.0             710.0
Missouri .........:       325.0             380.0             322.0             368.0
                  :
New Mexico .......:        83.8              68.5              62.8              50.4
North Carolina ...:       430.0             510.0             415.0             495.0
Oklahoma .........:       780.0             650.0             550.0             575.0
South Carolina ...:       300.0             300.0             275.0             295.0
Tennessee ........:       360.0             410.0             355.0             400.0
Texas ............:     7,768.0           7,062.0           4,367.5           6,011.0
Virginia .........:        98.0             105.0              97.0             104.0
                  :
United States ....:    14,100.3          13,761.5          10,205.8          12,509.4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.
Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :    Production 1/
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Type and State :         :         :        :         2019          :          :
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019
                 :         :         :        : August 1  :September 1:          :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :--- 1,000 acres --   ---------- pounds ----------        1,000 bales 2/
                 :
Upland           :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         942        888.0    1,050.0
Arizona .........:   159.0     159.0   1,319      1,527       1,509        437.0      500.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0
California ......:    47.0      54.0   1,910      1,895       1,644        187.0      185.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        915         908        103.0      210.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        952         960        341.0      320.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978         978        420.0      550.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,239       1,304        921.0    1,000.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    56.0      45.0     977      1,067       1,067        114.0      100.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        912         931        702.0      960.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        835         651        682.0      780.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        895         830        420.0      510.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0
Texas ...........: 4,350.0   6,000.0     756        661         640      6,850.0    8,000.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015       1,062        181.0      230.0
                 :
United States ...: 9,957.0  12,281.0     847        843         826     17,566.0   21,145.0
                 :
American Pima    :
Arizona .........:    14.5       8.0     943      1,013       1,020         28.5       17.0
California ......:   210.0     204.0   1,662      1,530       1,576        727.0      670.0
New Mexico ......:     6.8       5.4     812        835         800         11.5        9.0
Texas ...........:    17.5      11.0     933        960         916         34.0       21.0
                 :
United States ...:   248.8     228.4   1,545      1,462       1,507        801.0      717.0
                 :
All              :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         942        888.0    1,050.0
Arizona .........:   173.5     167.0   1,288      1,499       1,486        465.5      517.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0
California ......:   257.0     258.0   1,707      1,583       1,591        914.0      855.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        915         908        103.0      210.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        952         960        341.0      320.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978         978        420.0      550.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,239       1,304        921.0    1,000.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    62.8      50.4     959      1,036       1,038        125.5      109.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        912         931        702.0      960.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        835         651        682.0      780.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        895         830        420.0      510.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0
Texas ...........: 4,367.5   6,011.0     757        662         641      6,884.0    8,021.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015       1,062        181.0      230.0
                 :
United States ...:10,205.8  12,509.4     864        855         839     18,367.0   21,862.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.
Cottonseed Production - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        Production
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :            2018             :           2019 1/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        1,000 tons
                 :
United States ...:           5,631.0                       6,770.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.