Barley Output Rises 12%



WASHINGTON - Sep 30/19 - SNS -- Barley production was estimated at 171 million bushels, up 12% from the revised 2018 total of 154 million bushels, according to the USDA's small grains production report.

The average yield per acre, at 77.4 bushels, was down 0.1 bushel from the previous year. Producers seeded 2.72 million acres in 2019, up 7% from last year. Harvested area, at 2.21 million acres, was up 12% from 2018.

Record high yields were estimated in Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming.

Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2017-2019
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres
                  :
Alaska ...........:     (X)           5           6         (X)           4           5
Arizona ..........:      20          14          17          17          11          14
California .......:      75          65          60          29          26          43
Colorado .........:      70          60          54          68          53          52
Delaware .........:      32          25          21          18          14          14
Idaho ............:     530         550         540         510         530         520
Kansas 2/ ........:    (NA)          17          14        (NA)           6           4
Maine 2/ .........:    (NA)          17          16        (NA)          16          15
Maryland .........:      50          45          32          27          24          17
Michigan 2/ ......:    (NA)          20          11        (NA)           5           8
                  :
Minnesota ........:      80          80          70          68          67          55
Montana ..........:     770         790         920         565         600         765
New York 2/ ......:    (NA)          10          10        (NA)           8           4
North Carolina 2/ :    (NA)          11          11        (NA)           8           6
North Dakota .....:     520         470         580         400         385         450
Oregon ...........:      47          43          40          38          26          32
Pennsylvania .....:      60          45          35          45          33          25
South Dakota 2/ ..:    (NA)          48          37        (NA)          13           9
Utah .............:      25          21          17          18          16          10
Virginia .........:      30          30          30          11           9           7
                  :
Washington .......:      95          85          95          85          67          85
Wisconsin 2/ .....:    (NA)          25          24        (NA)          10           8
Wyoming ..........:      82          72          81          63          51          66
                  :
United States 3/ .:   2,486       2,548       2,721       1,962       1,982       2,214
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued
Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2017-2019 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :               Yield               :            Production
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :  ----------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels --------
                  :
Alaska ...........:     (X)        43.0        38.0          (X)         172         190
Arizona ..........:   131.0       100.0       126.0        2,227       1,100       1,764
California .......:    50.0        69.0        66.0        1,450       1,794       2,838
Colorado .........:   132.0       145.0       138.0        8,976       7,685       7,176
Delaware .........:    85.0        78.0        80.0        1,530       1,092       1,120
Idaho ............:    95.0       101.0       105.0       48,450      53,530      54,600
Kansas 2/ ........:    (NA)        31.0        33.0         (NA)         186         132
Maine 2/ .........:    (NA)        73.0        84.0         (NA)       1,168       1,260
Maryland .........:    76.0        70.0        85.0        2,052       1,680       1,445
Michigan 2/ ......:    (NA)        43.0        44.0         (NA)         215         352
                  :
Minnesota ........:    76.0        76.0        67.0        5,168       5,092       3,685
Montana ..........:    51.0        56.0        58.0       28,815      33,600      44,370
New York 2/ ......:    (NA)        58.0        52.0         (NA)         464         208
North Carolina 2/ :    (NA)        80.0        66.0         (NA)         640         396
North Dakota .....:    65.0        74.0        72.0       26,000      28,490      32,400
Oregon ...........:    62.0        53.0        78.0        2,356       1,378       2,496
Pennsylvania .....:    70.0        63.0        70.0        3,150       2,079       1,750
South Dakota 2/ ..:    (NA)        55.0        44.0         (NA)         715         396
Utah .............:    75.0        86.0        93.0        1,350       1,376         930
Virginia .........:    73.0        70.0        65.0          803         630         455
                  :
Washington .......:    53.0        73.0        70.0        4,505       4,891       5,950
Wisconsin 2/ .....:    (NA)        45.0        46.0         (NA)         450         368
Wyoming ..........:   102.0       100.0       107.0        6,426       5,100       7,062
                  :
United States 3/ .:    73.0        77.5        77.4      143,258     153,527     171,343
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.
2/   Estimates began in 2018.
3/   Beginning in 2018, United States total includes data for Alaska. For 2017, Alaska
     data is not included in United States total.