Winter Wheat Harvest Sinks 7%



WASHINGTON - Sep 28/18 - SNS -- Winter wheat production for 2018 totaled 1.18 billion bushels, down 7% from the 2017 total of 1.27 billion bushels, according to the USDA's annual small grains production report.

The United States yield, at 47.9 bushels per acre, was down 2.3 bushels from 2017. Area harvested for grain was estimated at a record low 24.7 million acres, down 2% from the previous year. Record high yields were estimated in Louisiana, Montana, and Nevada for 2018.

Harvested acreage was down from 2017 in most of the major Hard Red Winter (HRW) growing States, the primary winter wheat producing area. As a result of the decreased harvested acreage and lower yields in 2018, HRW production totaled 662 million bushels, down 12% from 2017.

In the Soft Red Winter (SRW) growing area, planted and harvested acreage decreased from 2017 across the region. SRW production totaled 286 million bushels, down 2% from 2017.

White winter production totaled 236 million bushels, up 4% from the previous year. Harvested acreage in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington) was up less than 1% from 2017. Yields were up from last year throughout the region.

Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2016-2018
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 acres
               :
Alabama .......:     230         150         160         170         100         110
Arizona .......:      14          25          20           7          18           4
Arkansas ......:     195         200         175         115         125          95
California ....:     425         385         380         170         155         110
Colorado ......:   2,350       2,250       2,250       2,190       2,020       1,950
Delaware ......:      70          75          75          65          69          45
Florida .......:      25          20          15          17          14          10
Georgia .......:     180         160         200         110          70          70
Idaho .........:     770         720         720         720         670         680
Illinois ......:     520         500         600         470         470         560
               :
Indiana .......:     330         290         310         280         240         260
Iowa ..........:      25          16          16          17           8           6
Kansas ........:   8,500       7,600       7,700       8,200       6,950       7,300
Kentucky ......:     510         480         450         400         310         300
Louisiana .....:      25          20          15          20          13          10
Maryland ......:     360         410         360         260         185         200
Michigan ......:     610         480         510         570         425         470
Minnesota .....:      11          10          11           8           5           5
Mississippi ...:      65          45          55          50          25          30
Missouri ......:     690         640         740         570         540         520
               :
Montana .......:   2,250       1,750       1,650       2,150       1,590       1,570
Nebraska ......:   1,370       1,120       1,100       1,310       1,020       1,010
Nevada ........:      10          14          13           6           5           5
New Jersey ....:      25          23          18          21          17          15
New Mexico ....:     345         330         315         210         135         105
New York ......:     120         140         110         115         125          95
North Carolina :     420         450         460         355         375         370
North Dakota ..:     130          70          85         120          35          70
Ohio ..........:     580         460         490         560         435         450
Oklahoma ......:   5,000       4,500       4,400       3,500       2,900       2,500
               :
Oregon ........:     720         700         720         710         690         695
Pennsylvania ..:     190         210         195         150         150         145
South Carolina :      60          90          80          50          75          65
South Dakota ..:   1,180         910         830       1,100         520         660
Tennessee .....:     400         370         380         335         275         285
Texas .........:   5,000       4,700       4,500       2,800       2,350       1,750
Utah ..........:     120         120         120         112         108          94
Virginia ......:     210         210         230         175         145         155
Washington ....:   1,700       1,700       1,700       1,670       1,650       1,650
West Virginia .:       7           8           7           4           4           3
Wisconsin .....:     270         210         240         250         170         200
Wyoming .......:     140         135         130         125         105         115
               :
United States .:  36,152      32,696      32,535      30,237      25,291      24,742
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See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued
Winter Wheat Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2016-2018 (continued)
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               :               Yield               :            Production
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels ---------
               :
Alabama .......:   70.0         77.0        72.0        11,900       7,700       7,920
Arizona .......:   95.0        100.0        40.0           665       1,800         160
Arkansas ......:   54.0         52.0        55.0         6,210       6,500       5,225
California ....:   78.0         64.0        77.0        13,260       9,920       8,470
Colorado ......:   48.0         43.0        36.0       105,120      86,860      70,200
Delaware ......:   67.0         73.0        71.0         4,355       5,037       3,195
Florida .......:   30.0         37.0        36.0           510         518         360
Georgia .......:   46.0         47.0        54.0         5,060       3,290       3,780
Idaho .........:   94.0         80.0        90.0        67,680      53,600      61,200
Illinois ......:   74.0         76.0        66.0        34,780      35,720      36,960
               :
Indiana .......:   81.0         74.0        71.0        22,680      17,760      18,460
Iowa ..........:   63.0         68.0        58.0         1,071         544         348
Kansas ........:   57.0         48.0        38.0       467,400     333,600     277,400
Kentucky ......:   80.0         77.0        66.0        32,000      23,870      19,800
Louisiana .....:   45.0         46.0        65.0           900         598         650
Maryland ......:   64.0         71.0        63.0        16,640      13,135      12,600
Michigan ......:   89.0         79.0        76.0        50,730      33,575      35,720
Minnesota .....:   61.0         45.0        60.0           488         225         300
Mississippi ...:   48.0         58.0        49.0         2,400       1,450       1,470
Missouri ......:   70.0         68.0        59.0        39,900      36,720      30,680
               :
Montana .......:   49.0         42.0        50.0       105,350      66,780      78,500
Nebraska ......:   54.0         46.0        49.0        70,740      46,920      49,490
Nevada ........:   75.0        107.0       120.0           450         535         600
New Jersey ....:   64.0         64.0        62.0         1,344       1,088         930
New Mexico ....:   22.0         30.0        15.0         4,620       4,050       1,575
New York ......:   74.0         67.0        69.0         8,510       8,375       6,555
North Carolina :   41.0         55.0        57.0        14,555      20,625      21,090
North Dakota ..:   48.0         37.0        43.0         5,760       1,295       3,010
Ohio ..........:   80.0         74.0        75.0        44,800      32,190      33,750
Oklahoma ......:   39.0         34.0        28.0       136,500      98,600      70,000
               :
Oregon ........:   50.0         63.0        67.0        35,500      43,470      46,565
Pennsylvania ..:   68.0         72.0        65.0        10,200      10,800       9,425
South Carolina :   43.0         49.0        54.0         2,150       3,675       3,510
South Dakota ..:   58.0         40.0        48.0        63,800      20,800      31,680
Tennessee .....:   73.0         70.0        65.0        24,455      19,250      18,525
Texas .........:   32.0         29.0        32.0        89,600      68,150      56,000
Utah ..........:   60.0         52.0        52.0         6,720       5,616       4,888
Virginia ......:   53.0         66.0        60.0         9,275       9,570       9,300
Washington ....:   78.0         73.0        76.0       130,260     120,450     125,400
West Virginia .:   61.0         69.0        46.0           244         276         138
Wisconsin .....:   79.0         68.0        71.0        19,750      11,560      14,200
Wyoming .......:   34.0         28.0        34.0         4,250       2,940       3,910
               :
United States .:   55.3         50.2        47.9     1,672,582   1,269,437   1,183,939
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1/ Includes area planted in preceding fall.