Drought Savaged Montana Peas



WASHINGTON - Jan 12/18 - SNS -- Field pea output in the United States totalled 14.2 million cwt (100 pound units) or 643,065 metric tons (MT) in 2017, down 49% from the previous year's record high level, according to the USDA's final crop estimates.

Planted area, at 1.13 million acres, and harvested area, at 1.05 million acres, decreased by 18% and 21%, respectively. Average United States yield, at 1,350 pounds per acre, was down 736 pounds from 2016 and the lowest level since 1996.

In Montana, drought conditions reduced yields and by late July the crop was rated mostly poor to fair. Producers began harvesting in early July and harvest was 98% complete by September 3. Estimated yield was at the lowest level since 2002.

In North Dakota, harvest started in late July and was complete by early September. Crop condition was rated mostly fair to good during the beginning of the growing season but finished ranging from very poor to fair due to the drought. Harvest began in mid-July and was 92% complete by September 3.

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2015-2017
[Excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 acres
                :
Idaho ..........:     51.0        30.0        14.0        50.0        29.0        13.0
Montana ........:    595.0       610.0       525.0       550.0       580.0       470.0
Nebraska 1/ ....:     (NA)        55.0        58.0        (NA)        52.0        56.0
North Dakota ...:    385.0       560.0       425.0       375.0       545.0       410.0
Oregon .........:      7.0         6.0         7.0         6.5         5.8         6.5
South Dakota 1/ :     (NA)        32.0        38.0        (NA)        30.0        35.0
Washington .....:    105.0        90.0        61.0       102.0        89.0        60.0
                :
United States ..:  1,143.0     1,383.0     1,128.0     1,083.5     1,330.8     1,050.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Yield per acre           :            Production
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    ----------- pounds ----------      ---------- 1,000 cwt ---------
                :
Idaho ..........:    1,400       2,500       1,800         700         725         234
Montana ........:    1,450       1,950         820       7,975      11,310       3,854
Nebraska 1/ ....:     (NA)       1,340       1,420        (NA)         697         795
North Dakota ...:    2,150       2,250       1,800       8,063      12,263       7,380
Oregon .........:    1,800       2,600       2,900         117         151         189
South Dakota 1/ :     (NA)       1,600       1,500        (NA)         480         525
Washington .....:    1,400       2,400       2,000       1,428       2,136       1,200
                :
United States ..:    1,687       2,086       1,350      18,283      27,762      14,177
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.
1/   Estimates began in 2016.

United States Austrian winter pea production was forecast at 125,000 cwt or 26,500 MT, down 73% from the previous year, and at the lowest level since 2008.

Planted area was estimated at 26,500 acres, down 28% from a year earlier. Area harvested totaled 9,400 acres, down 65% from 2016.

United States yield, at 1,330 pounds per acre, was down 370 pounds from a year earlier. In Montana, producers reported record low yields, primarily caused by drought-like conditions.

Austrian Winter Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2015-2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres
              :
Idaho ........:    13.0        17.0         4.0       11.0        16.0         3.4
Montana ......:    15.0        15.0        20.0        5.0         7.0         4.0
Oregon .......:     6.0         5.0         2.5        5.0         4.0         2.0
              :
United States :    34.0        37.0        26.5       21.0        27.0         9.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ----------- pounds ----------        -------- 1,000 cwt --------
              :
Idaho ........:   1,200       1,800       1,600        132         288          54
Montana ......:   1,050       1,300         630         53          91          25
Oregon .......:   1,500       2,000       2,300         75          80          46
              :
United States :   1,238       1,700       1,330        260         459         125
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The USDA said wrinkled seed peas production was estimated at 357,000 cwt or 16,193 MT in 2017, down 19% from 2016. Washington production decreased by 12%, while Idaho decreased 31% from a year ago.

Wrinkled Seed Pea Production - States and United States: 2015-2017
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             Production
     State    :--------------------------------------------------------------------
              :         2015         :         2016         :         2017
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             1,000 cwt
              :
Idaho ........:         154                    157                    108
Washington ...:         230                    282                    249
              :
United States :         384                    439                    357
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------