Cotton Yields Suffer



WASHINGTON - Nov 8/19 - SNS -- Production of all classes of cotton in the United States should total 20.8 million 480-pound bales, down 4% from the previous forecast but up 13% from 2018, according to the USDA's latest crop report.

Based on conditions as of November 1, yields are expected to average 799 pounds per harvested acre, down 34 pounds from the previous forecast and down 65 pounds from 2018.

Upland cotton production is forecast at 20.1 million 480-pound bales, down 4% from the previous forecast but up 14% from 2018.

Pima cotton production is forecast at 747,000 bales, up 3% from the previous forecast but down 7% from 2018. All cotton area harvested is forecast at 12.5 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up 23% from 2018.

Upland harvested area for the Nation is expected to total 12.3 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up 23% from last year. Expected Pima harvested area, at 228,400 acres, is unchanged from the previous forecast but down 8% from last year. If realized, the forecasted yield for Upland cotton in Florida and Tennessee will be a record high.

Ginnings totaled 6,249,050 running bales prior to November 1, compared with 4,877,850 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.

Cottonseed Production - United States: 2018 and Forecasted November 1, 2019
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                 :                        Production
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :            2018             :           2019 1/
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                 :                        1,000 tons
                 :
United States ...:           5,631.0                       6,453.0
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1/ Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.
Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted November 1, 2019
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                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :    Production 1/
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Type and State :         :         :        :         2019          :          :
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019
                 :         :         :        : October 1 :November 1 :          :
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                 :--- 1,000 acres --   ---------- pounds ----------        1,000 bales 2/
                 :
Upland           :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        951         969        888.0    1,080.0
Arizona .........:   159.0     159.0   1,319      1,525       1,555        437.0      515.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,102      1,133.0    1,400.0
California ......:    47.0      54.0   1,910      1,742       1,778        187.0      200.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        930         930        103.0      215.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        960         840        341.0      280.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067      1,013       1,031        420.0      580.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,082      1,462.0    1,600.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,265       1,265        921.0      970.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    56.0      45.0     977      1,120       1,173        114.0      110.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        921         931        702.0      960.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        701         609        682.0      730.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        765         814        420.0      500.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0
Texas ...........: 4,350.0   6,000.0     756        624         568      6,850.0    7,100.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015         923        181.0      200.0
                 :
United States ...: 9,957.0  12,281.0     847        820         784     17,566.0   20,070.0
                 :
American Pima    :
Arizona .........:    14.5       8.0     943      1,020       1,020         28.5       17.0
California ......:   210.0     204.0   1,662      1,593       1,647        727.0      700.0
New Mexico ......:     6.8       5.4     812        800         800         11.5        9.0
Texas ...........:    17.5      11.0     933        916         916         34.0       21.0
                 :
United States ...:   248.8     228.4   1,545      1,522       1,570        801.0      747.0
                 :
All              :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        951         969        888.0    1,080.0
Arizona .........:   173.5     167.0   1,288      1,500       1,529        465.5      532.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,102      1,133.0    1,400.0
California ......:   257.0     258.0   1,707      1,624       1,674        914.0      900.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        930         930        103.0      215.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        960         840        341.0      280.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067      1,013       1,031        420.0      580.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,082      1,462.0    1,600.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,265       1,265        921.0      970.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    62.8      50.4     959      1,086       1,133        125.5      119.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        921         931        702.0      960.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        701         609        682.0      730.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        765         814        420.0      500.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0
Texas ...........: 4,367.5   6,011.0     757        625         569      6,884.0    7,121.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015         923        181.0      200.0
                 :
United States ...:10,205.8  12,509.4     864        833         799     18,367.0   20,817.0
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1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.