U.S. Cotton Forecast Slips 1%



WASHINGTON - Oct 10/19 - SNS -- Production of all classes of cotton the United States is forecast at 21.7 million 480-pound bales, down 1% from the previous forecast, but up 18% from 2018, according to the USDA's latest crop production estimates.

Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 833 pounds per harvested acre, down 6 pounds from the previous forecast and down 31 pounds from 2018.

Upland cotton production is forecast at 21.0 million 480-pound bales, down 1% from the previous forecast but up 19% from 2018. Pima cotton production is forecast at 724,000 bales, up 1% from the previous forecast but down 10% from 2018. All cotton area harvested is forecast at 12.5 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up 23% from 2018.

Upland harvested area for the Nation is expected to total 12.3 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up 23% from last year. Expected Pima harvested area, at 228,400 acres, is unchanged from the previous forecast but down 8% from last year.

Ginnings totaled 1,282,950 running bales prior to October 1, compared with 1,287,350 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.

Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted October 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :    Production 1/
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Type and State :         :         :        :         2019          :          :
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019
                 :         :         :        :September 1: October 1 :          :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :--- 1,000 acres --   ---------- pounds ----------        1,000 bales 2/
                 :
Upland           :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         951        888.0    1,060.0
Arizona .........:   159.0     159.0   1,319      1,509       1,525        437.0      505.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0
California ......:    47.0      54.0   1,910      1,644       1,742        187.0      196.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        908         930        103.0      215.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        960         960        341.0      320.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978       1,013        420.0      570.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,304       1,265        921.0      970.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    56.0      45.0     977      1,067       1,120        114.0      105.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        931         921        702.0      950.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        651         701        682.0      840.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        830         765        420.0      470.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,116       1,128        770.0      940.0
Texas ...........: 4,350.0   6,000.0     756        640         624      6,850.0    7,800.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,062       1,015        181.0      220.0
                 :
United States ...: 9,957.0  12,281.0     847        826         820     17,566.0   20,981.0
                 :
American Pima    :
Arizona .........:    14.5       8.0     943      1,020       1,020         28.5       17.0
California ......:   210.0     204.0   1,662      1,576       1,593        727.0      677.0
New Mexico ......:     6.8       5.4     812        800         800         11.5        9.0
Texas ...........:    17.5      11.0     933        916         916         34.0       21.0
                 :
United States ...:   248.8     228.4   1,545      1,507       1,522        801.0      724.0
                 :
All              :
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         951        888.0    1,060.0
Arizona .........:   173.5     167.0   1,288      1,486       1,500        465.5      522.0
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0
California ......:   257.0     258.0   1,707      1,591       1,624        914.0      873.0
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        908         930        103.0      215.0
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        960         960        341.0      320.0
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978       1,013        420.0      570.0
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,304       1,265        921.0      970.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:    62.8      50.4     959      1,038       1,086        125.5      114.0
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        931         921        702.0      950.0
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        651         701        682.0      840.0
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        830         765        420.0      470.0
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,116       1,128        770.0      940.0
Texas ...........: 4,367.5   6,011.0     757        641         625      6,884.0    7,821.0
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,062       1,015        181.0      220.0
                 :
United States ...:10,205.8  12,509.4     864        839         833     18,367.0   21,705.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.
Cottonseed Production - United States: 2018 and Forecasted October 1, 2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        Production
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :            2018             :           2019 1/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        1,000 tons
                 :
United States ...:           5,631.0                       6,725.0
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1/ Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.