Alfalfa Output Slips in U.S.



WASHINGTON - Oct 10/19 - SNS -- Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixture dry hay for 2019 is forecast at 54.2 million tons, down 2% from the previous forecast but up 3% from 2018, according to the USDA's latest crop production estimates.

Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 3.22 tons per acre, down 0.07 ton from the previous forecast but up 0.05 ton from last year.

Harvested area is forecast at 16.8 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up 1% from 2018. Record high yields are expected in Nevada and New Mexico.

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018 and Forecasted October 1, 2019
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                :     Area harvested      :     Yield per acre      :       Production
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    2018    :    2019    :    2018    :    2019    :    2018    :    2019
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   --- 1,000 acres ---        ------ tons -----        ---- 1,000 tons ---
                :
Arizona ........:      260          285        8.30         8.10         2,158        2,309
California .....:      620          560        6.90         6.00         4,278        3,360
Colorado .......:      730          730        3.40         3.80         2,482        2,774
Idaho ..........:    1,050        1,020        4.20         4.00         4,410        4,080
Illinois .......:      250          240        3.30         3.60           825          864
Indiana ........:      240          270        3.00         3.60           720          972
Iowa ...........:      620          700        3.70         3.20         2,294        2,240
Kansas .........:      610          560        3.50         3.50         2,135        1,960
Kentucky .......:      145          115        3.10         3.20           450          368
Michigan .......:      590          570        2.40         2.10         1,416        1,197
                :
Minnesota ......:      720          850        2.85         2.90         2,052        2,465
Missouri .......:      270          280        2.40         2.80           648          784
Montana ........:    1,900        2,000        2.05         2.00         3,895        4,000
Nebraska .......:      850          900        4.30         3.90         3,655        3,510
Nevada .........:      185          215        4.70         5.20           870        1,118
New Mexico .....:      160          170        4.70         5.40           752          918
New York .......:      300          290        2.40         2.80           720          812
North Dakota ...:    1,470        1,350        1.70         1.70         2,499        2,295
Ohio ...........:      350          320        3.10         2.60         1,085          832
Oklahoma .......:      230          200        2.70         3.40           621          680
                :
Oregon .........:      420          430        4.10         4.70         1,722        2,021
Pennsylvania ...:      300          315        2.90         2.80           870          882
South Dakota ...:    1,750        1,800        2.15         2.70         3,763        4,860
Texas ..........:      140          165        5.60         4.30           784          710
Utah ...........:      500          530        3.70         4.20         1,850        2,226
Virginia .......:       40           45        3.00         3.00           120          135
Washington .....:      350          320        4.50         5.20         1,575        1,664
Wisconsin ......:      820          850        2.35         2.80         1,927        2,380
Wyoming ........:      590          610        2.70         2.30         1,593        1,403
                :
Other States 1/ :      148          138        3.14         2.90           465          400
                :
United States ..:   16,608       16,828        3.17         3.22        52,634       54,219
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1/ Other States include Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New
   Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, and West Virginia.
   Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Crop Production 2019 Summary."