10% Gain In Winter Wheat Output



WASHINGTON - Sep 30/19 - SNS -- Winter wheat production for 2019 totaled 1.30 billion bushels, up 10% from the revised 2018 total of 1.18 billion bushels, according to the USDA's small grains production report.

The United States yield, at 53.6 bushels per acre, was up 5.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain was estimated at a record low 24.3 million acres, down 2% from the previous year. Record high yields were estimated in Colorado, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Wyoming for 2019.}

Compared with 2018, harvested acreage was up 1%, or 185,000 acres, in the major Hard Red Winter (HRW) growing States, the primary winter wheat producing area. As a result of the increased harvested acreage and higher yields in 2019, HRW production totaled 833 million bushels, up 26% from 2018. In the Soft Red Winter (SRW) growing area, planted and harvested acreage decreased from 2018. SRW production totaled 239 million bushels, down 16% from 2018.

White winter production totaled 232 million bushels, down 2% from the previous year. Harvested acreage in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington) was up 3% from 2018. Yields were up in Oregon but down in Idaho and Washington compared with last year.

Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2017-2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              1,000 acres
                   :
Alabama ...........:     150         160         130         100         110          85
Arizona 2/ ........:      25          22        (NA)          16           4        (NA)
Arkansas ..........:     200         175         110         125          95          50
California ........:     385         380         390         155         110         100
Colorado ..........:   2,250       2,250       2,150       2,020       1,950       2,000
Delaware ..........:      75          75          60          60          45          50
Florida 2/ ........:      20          15        (NA)          10          10        (NA)
Georgia ...........:     160         200         150          70          70          50
Idaho .............:     720         720         730         670         680         680
Illinois ..........:     500         600         650         470         560         550
                   :
Indiana ...........:     290         310         330         240         260         260
Iowa 2/ ...........:      16          16        (NA)           8           6        (NA)
Kansas ............:   7,600       7,700       6,900       6,950       7,300       6,500
Kentucky ..........:     480         450         460         310         300         330
Louisiana 2/ ......:      20          15        (NA)          13          10        (NA)
Maryland ..........:     410         360         345         185         200         165
Michigan ..........:     480         510         540         425         470         480
Minnesota 2/ ......:      10          11        (NA)           5           5        (NA)
Mississippi .......:      45          55          45          25          30          21
Missouri ..........:     640         740         550         540         520         390
                   :
Montana ...........:   1,750       1,650       2,000       1,590       1,570       1,900
Nebraska ..........:   1,120       1,100       1,070       1,020       1,010         970
Nevada 2/ .........:      14          13        (NA)           5           5        (NA)
New Jersey ........:      23          18          19          17          15          14
New Mexico ........:     330         320         360         135         105         105
New York ..........:     140         110          90         125          95          66
North Carolina ....:     450         460         290         375         370         225
North Dakota ......:      70          85          85          35          70          70
Ohio ..............:     490         490         500         460         450         385
Oklahoma ..........:   4,500       4,400       4,200       2,900       2,500       2,750
                   :
Oregon ............:     700         720         740         690         695         730
Pennsylvania ......:     210         195         180         150         145         140
South Carolina ....:      90          80          70          75          65          45
South Dakota ......:     910         830         860         520         660         770
Tennessee .........:     370         380         280         275         285         215
Texas .............:   4,700       4,500       4,500       2,350       1,750       2,050
Utah ..............:     120         120         125         108          94         116
Virginia ..........:     210         230         180         145         155         105
Washington ........:   1,700       1,700       1,750       1,650       1,650       1,700
West Virginia 2/ ..:       8           7        (NA)           4           3        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:     210         240         195         170         200         150
Wyoming ...........:     135         130         125         105         115         110
                   :
United States .....:  32,726      32,542      31,159      25,301      24,742      24,327
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See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                --continued
Winter Wheat Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2017-2019 (continued)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :               Yield               :            Production
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels ---------
                   :
Alabama ...........:    77.0        72.0        72.0         7,700       7,920       6,120
Arizona 2/ ........:   100.0        40.0        (NA)         1,600         160        (NA)
Arkansas ..........:    52.0        55.0        52.0         6,500       5,225       2,600
California ........:    64.0        77.0        50.0         9,920       8,470       5,000
Colorado ..........:    43.0        36.0        49.0        86,860      70,200      98,000
Delaware ..........:    73.0        71.0        72.0         4,380       3,195       3,600
Florida 2/ ........:    37.0        36.0        (NA)           370         360        (NA)
Georgia ...........:    47.0        54.0        56.0         3,290       3,780       2,800
Idaho .............:    80.0        90.0        87.0        53,600      61,200      59,160
Illinois ..........:    76.0        66.0        67.0        35,720      36,960      36,850
                   :
Indiana ...........:    74.0        71.0        62.0        17,760      18,460      16,120
Iowa 2/ ...........:    68.0        58.0        (NA)           544         348        (NA)
Kansas ............:    48.0        38.0        52.0       333,600     277,400     338,000
Kentucky ..........:    77.0        66.0        76.0        23,870      19,800      25,080
Louisiana 2/ ......:    46.0        65.0        (NA)           598         650        (NA)
Maryland ..........:    71.0        63.0        75.0        13,135      12,600      12,375
Michigan ..........:    79.0        76.0        71.0        33,575      35,720      34,080
Minnesota 2/ ......:    45.0        60.0        (NA)           225         300        (NA)
Mississippi .......:    58.0        49.0        47.0         1,450       1,470         987
Missouri ..........:    68.0        59.0        63.0        36,720      30,680      24,570
                   :
Montana ...........:    42.0        50.0        50.0        66,780      78,500      95,000
Nebraska ..........:    46.0        49.0        57.0        46,920      49,490      55,290
Nevada 2/ .........:   107.0       120.0        (NA)           535         600        (NA)
New Jersey ........:    64.0        62.0        66.0         1,088         930         924
New Mexico ........:    30.0        15.0        30.0         4,050       1,575       3,150
New York ..........:    67.0        69.0        63.0         8,375       6,555       4,158
North Carolina ....:    55.0        57.0        56.0        20,625      21,090      12,600
North Dakota ......:    37.0        43.0        53.0         1,295       3,010       3,710
Ohio ..............:    74.0        75.0        56.0        34,040      33,750      21,560
Oklahoma ..........:    34.0        28.0        40.0        98,600      70,000     110,000
                   :
Oregon ............:    63.0        67.0        68.0        43,470      46,565      49,640
Pennsylvania ......:    72.0        65.0        73.0        10,800       9,425      10,220
South Carolina ....:    49.0        54.0        48.0         3,675       3,510       2,160
South Dakota ......:    40.0        48.0        52.0        20,800      31,680      40,040
Tennessee .........:    70.0        65.0        67.0        19,250      18,525      14,405
Texas .............:    29.0        32.0        34.0        68,150      56,000      69,700
Utah ..............:    52.0        52.0        54.0         5,616       4,888       6,264
Virginia ..........:    66.0        60.0        62.0         9,570       9,300       6,510
Washington ........:    73.0        76.0        70.0       120,450     125,400     119,000
West Virginia 2/ ..:    69.0        46.0        (NA)           276         138        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:    68.0        71.0        64.0        11,560      14,200       9,600
Wyoming ...........:    28.0        34.0        43.0         2,940       3,910       4,730
                   :
United States .....:    50.2        47.9        53.6     1,270,282   1,183,939   1,304,003
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(NA) Not available.
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.