Major Drop in U.S. Durum Harvest



WASHINGTON - Sep 30/19 - SNS -- Durum wheat production was estimated at 57.7 million bushels, down 26% from the revised 2018 total of 78.0 million bushels, according to the USDA's small grains production report.

Area harvested for grain totaled 1.29 million acres, down 35% from the previous year. The United States yield was estimated at a record high 44.8 bushels per acre, up 5.3 bushels from the 2018 yield.

Record high yields were estimated in Montana and North Dakota for 2019. Production in North Dakota, the largest Durum wheat-producing State, was down 31% from 2018. Declines in production are attributed to declines in harvested acres across the Nation.

Durum Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2017-2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 acres
                 :
Arizona .........:      90          74          34          89          73          33
California ......:      35          45          30          27          37          22
Idaho ...........:      25          11           5          24          11           5
Montana .........:     890         840         550         785         775         535
North Dakota ....:   1,260       1,100         720       1,175       1,075         695
South Dakota 1/ .:       7           3        (NA)           6           3        (NA)
                 :
United States ...:   2,307       2,073       1,339       2,106       1,974       1,290
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :               Yield               :            Production
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels -------
                 :
Arizona .........:   101.0       106.0       104.0       8,989       7,738       3,432
California ......:    92.0        95.0       102.0       2,484       3,515       2,244
Idaho ...........:    77.0        85.0        81.0       1,848         935         405
Montana .........:    16.0        30.0        42.0      12,560      23,250      22,470
North Dakota ....:    24.5        39.5        42.0      28,788      42,463      29,190
South Dakota 1/ .:    18.0        28.0        (NA)         108          84        (NA)
                 :
United States ...:    26.0        39.5        44.8      54,777      77,985      57,741
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.