Modest Increase in U.S. Oat Crop



WASHINGTON - Sep 30/19 - SNS -- Oat production was estimated at 54.2 million bushels, up 1% from 2018 for comparable States, according to the USDA's small grains production report. Beginning in 2019, oat estimates were discontinued in Alabama, Colorado, South Carolina, Washington, and Wyoming.

Yield was estimated at 64.4 bushels per acre, down 0.9 bushel from the previous year for comparable States. Harvested area, at 842,000 acres, was 2% above last year for comparable States.

Record low acres were harvested in Arkansas, California, Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Missouri, and North Carolina. Record high yields were estimated in Idaho and North Dakota.

Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2017-2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              1,000 acres
                   :
Alabama 2/ ........:      40          40        (NA)         10          15        (NA)
Arkansas ..........:      11          10           5          8           7           3
California ........:     110         110          75         10           6           2
Colorado 2/ .......:      50          95        (NA)          9           7        (NA)
Georgia ...........:      50          60          70         15          15          15
Idaho .............:      50          40          60         10          10          12
Illinois ..........:      35          40          70         20          25          10
Iowa ..............:     115         135         215         42          33          69
Kansas ............:     100         120         120         25          18          18
Maine .............:      22          21          22         21          19          19
                   :
Michigan ..........:      55          75          70         40          50          25
Minnesota .........:     170         180         240         95         105         100
Missouri ..........:      30          35          50         13          16           6
Montana ...........:      70          70          70         18          23          30
Nebraska ..........:     110         125         120         35          22          18
New York ..........:      55          69          56         35          43          39
North Carolina ....:      35          30          22         10          11           7
North Dakota ......:     295         300         355         80         105         125
Ohio ..............:      60          55          75         20          30          25
Oklahoma ..........:      45          50         100         16          10          25
                   :
Oregon ............:      25          20          20         10           5           9
Pennsylvania ......:      70          65          85         40          35          50
South Carolina 2/ .:      20          19        (NA)          8           7        (NA)
South Dakota ......:     290         290         245         60          95          75
Texas .............:     455         450         400         60          50          40
Washington 2/ .....:      16          17        (NA)          4           4        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:     180         200         265         85          90         120
Wyoming 2/ ........:      25          25        (NA)          5           9        (NA)
                   :
United States .....:   2,589       2,746       2,810        804         865         842
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See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                --continued
Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2017-2019 (continued)
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                   :               Yield               :            Production
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels -------
                   :
Alabama 2/ ........:   60.0        63.0         (NA)         600         945        (NA)
Arkansas ..........:   85.0        75.0         70.0         680         525         210
California ........:   65.0        70.0         60.0         650         420         120
Colorado 2/ .......:   65.0        50.0         (NA)         585         350        (NA)
Georgia ...........:   49.0        71.0         55.0         735       1,065         825
Idaho .............:   71.0        84.0         90.0         710         840       1,080
Illinois ..........:   79.0        83.0         65.0       1,580       2,075         650
Iowa ..............:   77.0        63.0         58.0       3,234       2,079       4,002
Kansas ............:   54.0        49.0         64.0       1,350         882       1,152
Maine .............:   67.0        67.0         74.0       1,407       1,273       1,406
                   :
Michigan ..........:   54.0        63.0         57.0       2,160       3,150       1,425
Minnesota .........:   75.0        59.0         62.0       7,125       6,195       6,200
Missouri ..........:   65.0        45.0         47.0         845         720         282
Montana ...........:   47.0        43.0         45.0         846         989       1,350
Nebraska ..........:   49.0        69.0         63.0       1,715       1,518       1,134
New York ..........:   55.0        54.0         60.0       1,925       2,322       2,340
North Carolina ....:   66.0        66.0         71.0         660         726         497
North Dakota ......:   58.0        82.0         87.0       4,640       8,610      10,875
Ohio ..............:   70.0        65.0         46.0       1,400       1,950       1,150
Oklahoma ..........:   42.0        48.0         50.0         672         480       1,250
                   :
Oregon ............:   83.0        99.0         99.0         830         495         891
Pennsylvania ......:   58.0        46.0         53.0       2,320       1,610       2,650
South Carolina 2/ .:   51.0        62.0         (NA)         408         434        (NA)
South Dakota ......:   70.0        82.0         83.0       4,200       7,790       6,225
Texas .............:   45.0        50.0         50.0       2,700       2,500       2,000
Washington 2/ .....:   42.0        46.0         (NA)         168         184        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:   59.0        61.0         54.0       5,015       5,490       6,480
Wyoming 2/ ........:   85.0        57.0         (NA)         425         513        (NA)
                   :
United States .....:   61.7        64.9         64.4      49,585      56,130      54,194
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(NA) Not available.
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.