Wheat Production Rises 4%



WASHINGTON - Sep 30/19 - SNS -- All wheat production totaled 1.96 billion bushels in the United States this year, up 4% from the revised 2018 total of 1.89 billion bushels, according to the USDA's small grains production report.

Area harvested for grain totaled 38.1 million acres, down 4% from the previous year. The United States yield was estimated at 51.6 bushels per acre, up 4.0 bushels from the previous year.

The levels of production and changes from 2018 by type were: winter wheat, 1.30 billion bushels, up 10%; other spring wheat, 600 million bushels, down 4%; and Durum wheat, 57.7 million bushels, down 26%.

All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2017-2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              1,000 acres
                   :
Alabama ...........:     150         160         130         100         110          85
Arizona ...........:     115          96          34         105          77          33
Arkansas ..........:     200         175         110         125          95          50
California ........:     420         425         420         182         147         122
Colorado ..........:   2,260       2,260       2,150       2,029       1,954       2,000
Delaware ..........:      75          75          60          60          45          50
Florida 2/ ........:      20          15        (NA)          10          10        (NA)
Georgia ...........:     160         200         150          70          70          50
Idaho .............:   1,175       1,191       1,195       1,109       1,136       1,130
Illinois ..........:     500         600         650         470         560         550
                   :
Indiana ...........:     290         310         330         240         260         260
Iowa 2/ ...........:      16          16        (NA)           8           6        (NA)
Kansas ............:   7,600       7,700       6,900       6,950       7,300       6,500
Kentucky ..........:     480         450         460         310         300         330
Louisiana 2/ ......:      20          15        (NA)          13          10        (NA)
Maryland ..........:     410         360         345         185         200         165
Michigan ..........:     480         510         540         425         470         480
Minnesota .........:   1,170       1,621       1,450       1,135       1,575       1,410
Mississippi .......:      45          55          45          25          30          21
Missouri ..........:     640         740         550         540         520         390
                   :
Montana ...........:   5,140       5,390       5,450       4,665       5,165       5,295
Nebraska ..........:   1,120       1,100       1,070       1,020       1,010         970
Nevada 2/ .........:      29          23        (NA)          14           8        (NA)
New Jersey ........:      23          18          19          17          15          14
New Mexico ........:     330         320         360         135         105         105
New York ..........:     140         110          90         125          95          66
North Carolina ....:     450         460         290         375         370         225
North Dakota ......:   6,680       7,735       7,505       6,260       7,635       7,365
Ohio ..............:     490         490         500         460         450         385
Oklahoma ..........:   4,500       4,400       4,200       2,900       2,500       2,750
                   :
Oregon ............:     775         800         740         763         770         730
Pennsylvania ......:     210         195         180         150         145         140
South Carolina ....:      90          80          70          75          65          45
South Dakota ......:   1,887       1,883       1,500       1,196       1,628       1,385
Tennessee .........:     370         380         280         275         285         215
Texas .............:   4,700       4,500       4,500       2,350       1,750       2,050
Utah ..............:     134         130         125         120         103         116
Virginia ..........:     210         230         180         145         155         105
Washington ........:   2,195       2,220       2,260       2,140       2,165       2,205
West Virginia 2/ ..:       8           7        (NA)           4           3        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:     210         240         195         170         200         150
Wyoming ...........:     135         130         125         105         115         110
                   :
United States .....:  46,052      47,815      45,158      37,555      39,612      38,052
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See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                --continued
All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2017-2019 (continued)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :               Yield               :            Production
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels ---------
                   :
Alabama ...........:    77.0        72.0        72.0         7,700       7,920       6,120
Arizona ...........:   100.8       102.6       104.0        10,589       7,898       3,432
Arkansas ..........:    52.0        55.0        52.0         6,500       5,225       2,600
California ........:    68.2        81.5        59.4        12,404      11,985       7,244
Colorado ..........:    43.2        36.1        49.0        87,598      70,504      98,000
Delaware ..........:    73.0        71.0        72.0         4,380       3,195       3,600
Florida 2/ ........:    37.0        36.0        (NA)           370         360        (NA)
Georgia ...........:    47.0        54.0        56.0         3,290       3,780       2,800
Idaho .............:    81.8        91.9        87.8        90,723     104,410      99,170
Illinois ..........:    76.0        66.0        67.0        35,720      36,960      36,850
                   :
Indiana ...........:    74.0        71.0        62.0        17,760      18,460      16,120
Iowa 2/ ...........:    68.0        58.0        (NA)           544         348        (NA)
Kansas ............:    48.0        38.0        52.0       333,600     277,400     338,000
Kentucky ..........:    77.0        66.0        76.0        23,870      19,800      25,080
Louisiana 2/ ......:    46.0        65.0        (NA)           598         650        (NA)
Maryland ..........:    71.0        63.0        75.0        13,135      12,600      12,375
Michigan ..........:    79.0        76.0        71.0        33,575      35,720      34,080
Minnesota .........:    66.9        59.0        57.0        75,935      92,930      80,370
Mississippi .......:    58.0        49.0        47.0         1,450       1,470         987
Missouri ..........:    68.0        59.0        63.0        36,720      30,680      24,570
                   :
Montana ...........:    27.3        38.3        42.2       127,430     197,630     223,290
Nebraska ..........:    46.0        49.0        57.0        46,920      49,490      55,290
Nevada 2/ .........:   105.7       112.5        (NA)         1,480         900        (NA)
New Jersey ........:    64.0        62.0        66.0         1,088         930         924
New Mexico ........:    30.0        15.0        30.0         4,050       1,575       3,150
New York ..........:    67.0        69.0        63.0         8,375       6,555       4,158
North Carolina ....:    55.0        57.0        56.0        20,625      21,090      12,600
North Dakota ......:    37.9        47.6        48.4       237,133     363,483     356,300
Ohio ..............:    74.0        75.0        56.0        34,040      33,750      21,560
Oklahoma ..........:    34.0        28.0        40.0        98,600      70,000     110,000
                   :
Oregon ............:    63.0        67.0        68.0        48,069      51,590      49,640
Pennsylvania ......:    72.0        65.0        73.0        10,800       9,425      10,220
South Carolina ....:    49.0        54.0        48.0         3,675       3,510       2,160
South Dakota ......:    34.8        44.4        48.4        41,678      72,294      67,100
Tennessee .........:    70.0        65.0        67.0        19,250      18,525      14,405
Texas .............:    29.0        32.0        34.0        68,150      56,000      69,700
Utah ..............:    52.0        52.0        54.0         6,240       5,356       6,264
Virginia ..........:    66.0        60.0        62.0         9,570       9,300       6,510
Washington ........:    66.6        70.8        64.7       142,500     153,210     142,735
West Virginia 2/ ..:    69.0        46.0        (NA)           276         138        (NA)
Wisconsin .........:    68.0        71.0        64.0        11,560      14,200       9,600
Wyoming ...........:    28.0        34.0        43.0         2,940       3,910       4,730
                   :
United States .....:    46.4        47.6        51.6     1,740,910   1,885,156   1,961,734
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(NA) Not available.
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.