Rice Yield and Area Reduced



WASHINGTON - Sep 12/19 - SNS -- U.S. farmers expect to harvest 187 million cwt (100 pound units) of rice this year, down 9% from the previous forecast and down 16% from 2018, according to the latest USDA crop production estimates.

Based on a thorough review of all available data, planted area is now estimated at 2.54 million acres, down 8% from the previous estimate and down 14% from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 2.48 million acres, down 9% from the previous forecast and down 15% from last year.

Based on conditions as of September 1, the average United States yield is forecast at 7,563 pounds per acre, down 14 pounds per acre from the previous forecast and 129 pounds per acre lower than the 2018 average yield of 7,692 pounds per acre.

Rice Area Planted and Harvested by Class - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :         Area planted          :        Area harvested
  Class and State :---------------------------------------------------------------
                  :     2018      :     2019      :     2018      :    2019 1/
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                          1,000 acres
                  :
Long grain        :
Arkansas .........:     1,250             950           1,245             935
California .......:        11               9              11               9
Louisiana ........:       395             370             392             361
Mississippi ......:       140             115             139             114
Missouri .........:       215             180             211             166
Texas ............:       187             155             183             151
                  :
United States ....:     2,198           1,779           2,181           1,736
                  :
Medium grain      :
Arkansas .........:       190             205             181             190
California .......:       455             455             453             452
Louisiana ........:        45              55              44              54
Mississippi ......:         -               2               -               2
Missouri .........:         9               7               9               7
Texas ............:         8               4               6               3
                  :
United States ....:       707             728             693             708
                  :
Short grain 2/    :
Arkansas .........:         1               1               1               1
California .......:        40              32              40              32
                  :
United States ....:        41              33              41              33
                  :
All               :
Arkansas .........:     1,441           1,156           1,427           1,126
California .......:       506             496             504             493
Louisiana ........:       440             425             436             415
Mississippi ......:       140             117             139             116
Missouri .........:       224             187             220             173
Texas ............:       195             159             189             154
                  :
United States ....:     2,946           2,540           2,915           2,477
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.
1/ Forecasted.
2/ Includes sweet rice.
Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted
September 1, 2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   Area harvested    :            Yield per acre            :    Production 1/
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State    :          :          :            :          2019           :          :
              :   2018   :   2019   :    2018    :-------------------------:   2018   :   2019
              :          :          :            :  August 1  :September 1 :          :
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :     1,000 acres         ------------ pounds -----------      ---- 1,000 cwt ---
              :
Arkansas .....:  1,427      1,126       7,520        7,450        7,450      107,325     83,887
California ...:    504        493       8,620        8,700        8,700       43,425     42,891
Louisiana ....:    436        415       7,130        6,700        6,700       31,094     27,805
Mississippi ..:    139        116       7,350        7,350        7,350       10,217      8,526
Missouri .....:    220        173       7,770        7,300        7,500       17,090     12,975
Texas ........:    189        154       7,970        7,900        7,300       15,060     11,242
              :
United States :  2,915      2,477       7,692        7,577        7,563      224,211    187,326
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes sweet rice production.
Rice Production by Class - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                :                :                :
    Year    :   Long grain   :  Medium grain  : Short grain 1/ :      All
            :                :                :                :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                             1,000 cwt
            :
2018 .......:    163,956           57,339           2,916           224,211
2019 2/ ....:    126,650           58,408           2,268           187,326
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Sweet rice production included with short grain.
2/ The 2019 rice production by class forecasts are based on class harvested
   acreage estimates and the 5-year average class yield compared to the all rice
   yield.