Winter Wheat Yields Improve



WASHINGTON - Aug 12/19 - SNS -- Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.33 billion bushels, up 3% from the previous forecast and up 12% from 2018, according to the USDA's latest crop production report.

Based on August 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 53.2 bushels per acre, up 1.4 bushels from last month and up 5.3 bushels from last year's average yield of 47.9 bushels per acre. If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, only behind 2016's record high yield of 55.3 bushels per acre. A record high yield is forecast in Maryland, Nebraska, and Oklahoma for 2019.

The area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 24.9 million acres, unchanged from last month but up 1% from last year.

Forecasted head counts from the objective yield survey in the six Hard Red Winter States (Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas) are above last year's final head count in all States, except Montana.


Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted August 1, 2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Area harvested   :       Yield per acre       :      Production
                :------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :         :         :        :       2019        :           :
                :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-------------------:   2018    :   2019
                :         :         :        : July 1  :August 1 :           :
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    1,000 acres       ------- bushels -------     --- 1,000 bushels ---
                :
Arkansas .......:     95        60     55.0     60.0      60.0         5,225       3,600
California .....:    110       135     77.0     65.0      65.0         8,470       8,775
Colorado .......:  1,950     2,150     36.0     44.0      46.0        70,200      98,900
Idaho ..........:    680       680     90.0     87.0      86.0        61,200      58,480
Illinois .......:    560       590     66.0     63.0      65.0        36,960      38,350
Indiana ........:    260       260     71.0     67.0      67.0        18,460      17,420
Kansas .........:  7,300     6,600     38.0     50.0      53.0       277,400     349,800
Kentucky .......:    300       320     66.0     77.0      76.0        19,800      24,320
Maryland .......:    200       165     63.0     75.0      73.0        12,600      12,045
Michigan .......:    470       490     76.0     75.0      77.0        35,720      37,730
                :
Mississippi ....:     30        20     49.0     52.0      52.0         1,470       1,040
Missouri .......:    520       470     59.0     60.0      60.0        30,680      28,200
Montana ........:  1,570     1,850     50.0     46.0      48.0        78,500      88,800
Nebraska .......:  1,010       970     49.0     53.0      58.0        49,490      56,260
North Carolina .:    370       225     57.0     53.0      50.0        21,090      11,250
North Dakota ...:     70        75     43.0     45.0      45.0         3,010       3,375
Ohio ...........:    450       420     75.0     64.0      61.0        33,750      25,620
Oklahoma .......:  2,500     2,750     28.0     38.0      40.0        70,000     110,000
Oregon .........:    695       730     67.0     58.0      59.0        46,565      43,070
South Dakota ...:    660       730     48.0     54.0      52.0        31,680      37,960
                :
Tennessee ......:    285       225     65.0     66.0      66.0        18,525      14,850
Texas ..........:  1,750     2,200     32.0     35.0      35.0        56,000      77,000
Virginia .......:    155       115     60.0     66.0      65.0         9,300       7,475
Washington .....:  1,650     1,660     76.0     70.0      70.0       125,400     116,200
Wisconsin ......:    200       170     71.0     66.0      63.0        14,200      10,710
                :
Other States 1/ :    902       864     53.5     52.2      52.1        48,244      44,993
                :
United States ..: 24,742    24,924     47.9     51.8      53.2     1,183,939   1,326,223
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ For 2018, Other States include Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa,
   Louisiana, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, South
   Carolina, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. For 2019, Other States include Alabama,
   Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina,
   Utah, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Small
   Grains 2019 Summary."