Cotton Crop Fell 12%



WASHINGTON - Feb 8/19 - SNS -- Total cotton production in the United States reached 18.4 million 480-pound bales, down 12% from 2017, according to the USDA's final crop report for 2018.

The United States yield is estimated at 838 pounds per acre, down 67 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 10.5 million acres, is down 5% from last year

Upland cotton production was estimated at 17.6 million 480-pound bales, down 13% from the previous year. The United States yield for Upland cotton is estimated at 821 pounds per acre, down 74 pounds from 2017. Upland planted area, estimated at 13.9 million acres, was up 11% from last year. Harvested area, at 10.3 million acres, was down 5% from the previous year.

American Pima producers planted 249,000 acres in 2018, down 1% from 2017. Harvested area, at 247,500 acres, was down 1% from the previous year. Production was estimated at 794 thousand 480-pound bales, up 14% from 2017. The United States yield is estimated at 1,540 pounds per acre, up 199 pounds from the previous year.

Ginnings totaled 16,662,700 running bales prior to February 1, compared with 18,653,900 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2016-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :          Area harvested
  Type and State :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2016   :   2017   :   2018   :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 acres
                 :
Upland           :
Alabama .........:    345.0      435.0      510.0      343.0       430.0       500.0
Arizona .........:    120.0      160.0      160.0      118.0       159.0       159.0
Arkansas ........:    380.0      445.0      485.0      375.0       438.0       480.0
California ......:     63.0       88.0       48.0       62.0        87.0        47.0
Florida .........:    103.0       99.0      117.0      102.0        98.0        90.0
Georgia .........:  1,180.0    1,280.0    1,430.0    1,165.0     1,270.0     1,350.0
Kansas ..........:     33.0       93.0      165.0       31.0        90.0       154.0
Louisiana .......:    140.0      220.0      195.0      137.0       217.0       192.0
Mississippi .....:    435.0      630.0      620.0      430.0       625.0       615.0
Missouri ........:    280.0      305.0      325.0      266.0       297.0       322.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:     47.0       66.0       77.0       41.0        46.0        57.0
North Carolina ..:    280.0      375.0      430.0      255.0       367.0       410.0
Oklahoma ........:    305.0      590.0      780.0      290.0       555.0       565.0
South Carolina ..:    190.0      250.0      300.0      183.0       248.0       290.0
Tennessee .......:    255.0      345.0      360.0      250.0       340.0       355.0
Texas ...........:  5,650.0    7,000.0    7,750.0    5,200.0     5,500.0     4,600.0
Virginia ........:     73.0       84.0       98.0       72.0        83.0        97.0
                 :
United States ...:  9,879.0   12,465.0   13,850.0    9,320.0    10,850.0    10,283.0
                 :
American Pima    :
Arizona .........:     14.5       15.0       14.0       11.0        15.0        14.0
California ......:    155.0      216.0      210.0      154.0       215.0       209.0
New Mexico ......:      8.0        7.5        7.0        7.8         7.4         7.0
Texas ...........:     17.0       14.0       18.0       15.0        13.0        17.5
                 :
United States ...:    194.5      252.5      249.0      187.8       250.4       247.5
                 :
All              :
Alabama .........:    345.0      435.0      510.0      343.0       430.0       500.0
Arizona .........:    134.5      175.0      174.0      129.0       174.0       173.0
Arkansas ........:    380.0      445.0      485.0      375.0       438.0       480.0
California ......:    218.0      304.0      258.0      216.0       302.0       256.0
Florida .........:    103.0       99.0      117.0      102.0        98.0        90.0
Georgia .........:  1,180.0    1,280.0    1,430.0    1,165.0     1,270.0     1,350.0
Kansas ..........:     33.0       93.0      165.0       31.0        90.0       154.0
Louisiana .......:    140.0      220.0      195.0      137.0       217.0       192.0
Mississippi .....:    435.0      630.0      620.0      430.0       625.0       615.0
Missouri ........:    280.0      305.0      325.0      266.0       297.0       322.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:     55.0       73.5       84.0       48.8        53.4        64.0
North Carolina ..:    280.0      375.0      430.0      255.0       367.0       410.0
Oklahoma ........:    305.0      590.0      780.0      290.0       555.0       565.0
South Carolina ..:    190.0      250.0      300.0      183.0       248.0       290.0
Tennessee .......:    255.0      345.0      360.0      250.0       340.0       355.0
Texas ...........:  5,667.0    7,014.0    7,768.0    5,215.0     5,513.0     4,617.5
Virginia ........:     73.0       84.0       98.0       72.0        83.0        97.0
                 :
United States ...: 10,073.5   12,717.5   14,099.0    9,507.8    11,100.4    10,530.5
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See footnote(s) at end of table.                                           --continued
Cotton Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2016-2018 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre        :            Production 1/
  Type and State :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :    2016    :    2017    :    2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  --------- pounds --------     --------- 1,000 bales 2/ ---------
                 :
Upland           :
Alabama .........:    988       902       826        706.0        808.0        860.0
Arizona .........:  1,525     1,464     1,328        375.0        485.0        440.0
Arkansas ........:  1,075     1,177     1,150        840.0      1,074.0      1,150.0
California ......:  1,897     1,297     1,879        245.0        235.0        184.0
Florida .........:    922       759       640        196.0        155.0        120.0
Georgia .........:    898       841       693      2,180.0      2,225.0      1,950.0
Kansas ..........:  1,099     1,051     1,066         71.0        197.0        342.0
Louisiana .......:    939       894     1,025        268.0        404.0        410.0
Mississippi .....:  1,207     1,038     1,116      1,081.0      1,351.0      1,430.0
Missouri ........:  1,021     1,212     1,245        566.0        750.0        835.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:  1,030     1,179       926         88.0        113.0        110.0
North Carolina ..:    646       969       820        343.0        741.0        700.0
Oklahoma ........:  1,021       882       637        617.0      1,020.0        750.0
South Carolina ..:    656       912       728        250.0        471.0        440.0
Tennessee .......:  1,104     1,033     1,055        575.0        732.0        780.0
Texas ...........:    748       809       720      8,100.0      9,270.0      6,900.0
Virginia ........:    667     1,110       965        100.0        192.0        195.0
                 :
United States ...:    855       895       821     16,601.0     20,223.0     17,596.0
                 :
American Pima    :
Arizona .........:    851       966       994         19.5         30.2         29.0
California ......:  1,565     1,407     1,649        502.0        630.0        718.0
New Mexico ......:    886       863       823         14.4         13.3         12.0
Texas ...........:  1,056       960       960         33.0         26.0         35.0
                 :
United States ...:  1,454     1,341     1,540        568.9        699.5        794.0
                 :
All              :
Alabama .........:    988       902       826        706.0        808.0        860.0
Arizona .........:  1,468     1,421     1,301        394.5        515.2        469.0
Arkansas ........:  1,075     1,177     1,150        840.0      1,074.0      1,150.0
California ......:  1,660     1,375     1,691        747.0        865.0        902.0
Florida .........:    922       759       640        196.0        155.0        120.0
Georgia .........:    898       841       693      2,180.0      2,225.0      1,950.0
Kansas ..........:  1,099     1,051     1,066         71.0        197.0        342.0
Louisiana .......:    939       894     1,025        268.0        404.0        410.0
Mississippi .....:  1,207     1,038     1,116      1,081.0      1,351.0      1,430.0
Missouri ........:  1,021     1,212     1,245        566.0        750.0        835.0
                 :
New Mexico ......:  1,007     1,135       915        102.4        126.3        122.0
North Carolina ..:    646       969       820        343.0        741.0        700.0
Oklahoma ........:  1,021       882       637        617.0      1,020.0        750.0
South Carolina ..:    656       912       728        250.0        471.0        440.0
Tennessee .......:  1,104     1,033     1,055        575.0        732.0        780.0
Texas ...........:    749       809       721      8,133.0      9,296.0      6,935.0
Virginia ........:    667     1,110       965        100.0        192.0        195.0
                 :
United States ...:    867       905       838     17,169.9     20,922.5     18,390.0
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1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.