U.S. Field Pea Harvest Rose 12%



WASHINGTON - Feb 8/19 - SNS -- Last year's U.S. dry field pea harvest reached 15.9 million cwt or around 722,500 metric tons (MT), up 12% from the previous year, according to the USDA's final crop report for 2018.

Planted area, at 856,500 acres, and harvested area, at 807,900 acres, decreased by 24% and 23%, respectively. Average United States yield, at 1,972 pounds per acre, was up 622 pounds from the previous year's drought-reduced crop.

In Montana, plantings began late as spring precipitation persisted and many fields had standing water until late May. The crop was 96% planted by the week ending June 3. Harvest began in mid-July and by the week ending September 9, the crop was 95% harvested. In North Dakota, by September 2, ninety-seven% was harvested.

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2016-2018
[Excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 acres
                :
Idaho ..........:     30.0        14.0        8.0         29.0        14.0        7.6
Montana ........:    610.0       525.0      335.0        580.0       470.0      310.0
Nebraska .......:     55.0        58.0       58.0         52.0        56.0       49.0
North Dakota ...:    560.0       425.0      375.0        545.0       410.0      365.0
Oregon .........:      6.0         7.0        6.5          5.8         6.5        6.3
South Dakota ...:     32.0        38.0       22.0         30.0        35.0       19.0
Washington .....:     90.0        61.0       52.0         89.0        60.0       51.0
                :
United States ..:  1,383.0     1,128.0      856.5      1,330.8     1,051.5      807.9
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Yield per acre           :            Production
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    ---------- pounds ----------       --------- 1,000 cwt ---------
                :
Idaho ..........:    2,500       1,800      2,300          725         252        175
Montana ........:    1,950         820      1,620       11,310       3,854      5,022
Nebraska .......:    1,340       1,420      1,840          697         795        902
North Dakota ...:    2,250       1,800      2,200       12,263       7,380      8,030
Oregon .........:    2,600       2,900      2,000          151         189        126
South Dakota ...:    1,600       1,500      2,100          480         525        399
Washington .....:    2,400       2,000      2,500        2,136       1,200      1,275
                :
United States ..:    2,086       1,350      1,972       27,762      14,195     15,929
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Austrian winter peas output was estimated at 124,000 cwt or 5,625 MT, up 24% from the previous year. Planted area was estimated at 16,400 acres, down 36% from a year earlier. This is the lowest planted area since 2001. Area harvested totaled 10,900 acres, up 36% from 2017. United States yield, at 1,138 pounds per acre, was down 112 pounds from a year earlier.

Austrian Winter Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2016-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres
              :
Idaho ........:    17.0         3.0         1.4       16.0         2.0         0.8
Montana ......:    15.0        20.0        12.0        7.0         4.0         8.0
Oregon .......:     5.0         2.5         3.0        4.0         2.0         2.1
              :
United States :    37.0        25.5        16.4       27.0         8.0        10.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ----------- pounds ----------        -------- 1,000 cwt --------
              :
Idaho ........:   1,800       1,300       1,300        288          26          10
Montana ......:   1,300         710         950         91          28          76
Oregon .......:   2,000       2,300       1,800         80          46          38
              :
United States :   1,700       1,250       1,138        459         100         124
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wrinkled seed pea production was estimated at 389,000 cwt in 2018, up 9% from 2017. Washington and Idaho production increased by 10 and 7%, respectively from the previous year.

Wrinkled Seed Pea Production - States and United States: 2016-2018
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             Production
     State    :--------------------------------------------------------------------
              :         2016         :         2017         :         2018
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             1,000 cwt
              :
Idaho ........:         157                    108                    116
Washington ...:         282                    249                    273
              :
United States :         439                    357                    389
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------