Second Largest U.S. Mustard Crop



WASHINGTON - Jan 12/18 - SNS -- Mustard seed production in the United States dropped 37% in 2017 to 60.3 million pounds, according to the USDA's final crop estimates.

However, this represents the second largest production since 2003 for the Nation.

Planted area, at 103,000 acres, was down just 100 acres from 2016. Harvested area, at 95,400 acres, was down 3%, or 2,800 acres, from last year. Planted and harvested acreage represented the fourth and fifth highest area for the Nation, respectively, since records began in 1991.

The average yield, at 632 pounds per acre, was 348 pounds below the 2016 average yield and was the fourth lowest yield on record.

Rapeseed production was estimated at a record high 20.8 million pounds, up 7% from last year's production level. Growers planted 10,100 acres of rapeseed in 2017, a decline of 900 acres from 2016. Harvested area, at 9,700 acres, was down 800 acres from last year. Planted and harvested area in the United States represented the fourth and third highest on record, respectively, since records began in 1991.

The average yield in 2017 was 2,139 pounds per acre, an increase of 299 pounds from 2016 and the second highest yield on record for the Nation.

Other Oilseed Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Crop -
United States: 2015-2017
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Area planted          :         Area harvested
      Crop      :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2015   :   2016   :   2017   :   2015   :   2016   :   2017
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                :                           1,000 acres
                :
Rapeseed 1/ ....:    1.2       11.0       10.1         1.1       10.5        9.7
Mustard seed 2/ :   44.0      103.1      103.0        40.1       98.2       95.4
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                :         Yield per acre         :           Production
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2015   :   2016   :   2017   :   2015   :   2016   :   2017
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------- 1,000 pounds -------
                :
Rapeseed 1/ ....:  1,382      1,840      2,139       1,520     19,320     20,750
Mustard seed 2/ :    671        980        632      26,927     96,270     60,250
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1/ For 2015, rapeseed program States include Idaho, Minnesota, Oregon, and
   Washington. Beginning in 2016, rapeseed program states include Idaho, Montana,
   North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, and Washington.
2/ Mustard seed program States include Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, and
   Washington.