Sorghum Harvest Fell 24%



WASHINGTON - Jan 12/18 - SNS -- Sorghum grain production in 2017 was estimated at 364 million bushels, down 24% from the 2016 total, according to the USDA's final crop estimates.

Planted area for 2017 was estimated at 5.63 million acres, down 16% from the previous year. Area harvested for grain, at 5.05 million acres, was down 18% from 2016. Grain yield was estimated at 72.1 bushels per acre, down 5.8 bushels from 2016. Record high yields were estimated in Colorado, Georgia, and Missouri.

In Colorado, drought conditions slowed the development of the crop early in the growing season but late season moisture aided crop development. During the last week of September, widespread cool and rainy weather brought beneficial moisture to several areas of the State. Sorghum was rated in mostly fair to excellent condition in Missouri throughout the growing season and was 95% harvested by the end of November.

Silage production was estimated at 3.77 million tons, down 10% from 2016. Area harvested for silage was estimated at 284,000 acres, down 5% from the previous year. Silage yield averaged 13.3 tons per acre, down 0.7 ton per acre from 2016.

Sorghum Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production -
States and United States: 2015-2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   Area planted for all purposes   :     Area harvested for grain
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres
                  :
Arizona 1/ .......:      24        (NA)        (NA)            4        (NA)        (NA)
Arkansas .........:     450          47           9          440          44           7
Colorado .........:     440         450         410          400         415         360
Georgia ..........:      50          20          20           34          10          10
Illinois .........:      38          18          17           34          16          15
Kansas ...........:   3,400       3,100       2,600        3,200       2,950       2,450
Louisiana ........:      77          52          15           74          46          13
Mississippi ......:     120          13           5          115          11           4
Missouri .........:     155          65          30          140          54          23
Nebraska .........:     270         200         180          240         175         135
                  :
New Mexico .......:     125         110          85           90          85          48
North Carolina 2/ :    (NA)          45          20         (NA)          37          15
Oklahoma .........:     440         400         315          410         370         295
South Dakota .....:     270         270         270          220         200         170
Texas ............:   2,600       1,900       1,650        2,450       1,750       1,500
                  :
United States ....:   8,459       6,690       5,626        7,851       6,163       5,045
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Yield per acre           :            Production
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2015    :   2016    :   2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :    ---------- bushels ---------      -------- 1,000 bushels --------
                  :
Arizona 1/ .......:    92.0        (NA)        (NA)          368        (NA)        (NA)
Arkansas .........:    98.0        73.0        76.0       43,120       3,212         532
Colorado .........:    55.0        50.0        57.0       22,000      20,750      20,520
Georgia ..........:    48.0        54.0        54.0        1,632         540         540
Illinois .........:    94.0        93.0        83.0        3,196       1,488       1,245
Kansas ...........:    88.0        91.0        82.0      281,600     268,450     200,900
Louisiana ........:    85.0       102.0        91.0        6,290       4,692       1,183
Mississippi ......:    79.0        89.0        72.0        9,085         979         288
Missouri .........:    94.0        95.0       108.0       13,160       5,130       2,484
Nebraska .........:    96.0       102.0        89.0       23,040      17,850      12,015
                  :
New Mexico .......:    47.0        41.0        35.0        4,230       3,485       1,680
North Carolina 2/ :    (NA)        55.0        50.0         (NA)       2,035         750
Oklahoma .........:    52.0        55.0        53.0       21,320      20,350      15,635
South Dakota .....:    83.0        79.0        68.0       18,260      15,800      11,560
Texas ............:    61.0        66.0        63.0      149,450     115,500      94,500
                  :
United States ....:    76.0        77.9        72.1      596,751     480,261     363,832
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2016.
2/   Estimates began in 2016.
Sorghum for Silage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2015-2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Area harvested           :    Yield per acre     :         Production
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    : 2015  : 2016  : 2017  :  2015   :  2016   :  2017
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   -------- 1,000 acres -------     -------- tons --------    ------- 1,000 tons ------
                  :
Arizona 1/ .......:     20        (NA)        (NA)       22.0    (NA)    (NA)      440      (NA)      (NA)
Arkansas .........:      2           1           1        9.0    18.0    16.0       18        18        16
Colorado .........:     10          10          25       14.0     9.0    15.0      140        90       375
Georgia ..........:     12           8           8       12.0    10.0    13.0      144        80       104
Illinois .........:      2           1           1       15.0    17.0    12.0       30        17        12
Kansas ...........:    105          95          85       15.0    15.5    13.0    1,575     1,473     1,105
Louisiana ........:      1           1           1       11.0    13.0    12.0       11        13        12
Mississippi ......:      2           1           1        8.0    10.0     8.0       16        10         8
Missouri .........:     10           9           5       19.0    17.0    19.0      190       153        95
Nebraska .........:     10          10          22       12.5    14.0    10.0      125       140       220
                  :
New Mexico .......:     29          18          17       12.0    13.0    11.0      348       234       187
North Carolina 2/ :   (NA)           4           4       (NA)    10.0    10.0     (NA)        40        40
Oklahoma .........:     15          15          12       12.0    10.0    18.0      180       150       216
South Dakota .....:     18          40          37       13.5    13.0    11.0      243       520       407
Texas ............:     70          85          65       14.5    14.5    15.0    1,015     1,233       975
                  :
United States ....:    306         298         284       14.6    14.0    13.3    4,475     4,171     3,772
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2016.
2/   Estimates began in 2016.